CHC - China Hydroelectric
CHC/CHCW - China Hydroelectric plans on offering 3.125 million units at a range of $15-$17. Each unit will consist of one ADS and one warrant.
The warrants will be exercisable upon ipo settlement at a price of $15. The ADS and warrants will trade separately post-ipo with the warrants under the ticker CHC and the warrants under the ticker CHCW. The warrants are exercisable for a period of up to four years post-ipo. They have value only if CHC is trading above $15 as that is the exercise price of all warrants.
Broadband Capital is leading the deal, i-Bankers, Morgan Joseph and Pail co-managing. Note that Broadband Capital also was the lead underwriter for the(thus far) very successful 2009 LIWA ipo.
Post-ipo, assuming all warrants will eventually be exercised, CHC will have 52.1 million ADS equivalent shares outstanding for a market cap of $834 million on a pricing of $16.
Ipo proceeds will be utilized for hydroelectric company acquisitions.
Vicis Capital Management will own 30% of CHC post-ipo, CPI Ballpark Investments 21%.
From the prospectus:
'We are a fast-growing consolidator, operator and developer of hydropower plants in China, led by an international management team. We were formed in July 2006 to acquire existing small hydroelectric assets in China and aim to become the PRC’s largest independent small hydroelectric power producer.'
CHC was formed in 2006 and since2007 has purchased 11 small hydropower plants located in four Chinese provinces. Installed capacity currently is 376.6 MW. CHC generates revenues by selling electricity generated by hydropower capacity to local power grids.
Sector - Hydropower is largest source or renewable energy in China. Electricity generated from hydropower in China has grown at annual rate of 12% over the past decade.
Growth plan is to continue to acquire small hydropower plants. CHC has recently acquired two plants, one of which has yet to begin construction.
**With a roll-up growth strategy, ideally you want to see a clean balance sheet on ipo. Unfortunately that is not the case here. Post-ipo, CHC will have net debt of $194 million. Through the first nine months of 2009 debt servicing ate up 74% of operating profits. There is sort of a double whammy in effect here. CHC has done private stock placements to raise cash. They've also given equity considerations(in preferred shares) in a few of their acquisitions. This has led to a high share count on ipo leading to a sizable $800+ million market cap on a $16 pricing. However they've still run up sizable debt in their acquisitions. So sizable, that at least for the present, the debt load is eating into nearly all operating profits. This is not what you want to see in a roll-up strategy, not at all. Going forward CHC will continue acquiring and will need to do so by adding more debt to the bottom line as the cash flows are simply not there due to the current debt load. I do realize that revenues from recently acquired plants will grow year over year as CHC operates them for a full fiscal year. The point is not that CHC will not increase revenues or grow, it is that they are in a precarious balance sheet situation for a company implementing a roll-up acquisition strategy.
This is a very interesting niche with substantial potential. However this particular company is coming public with one hand already tied behind it's back. I would expect substantial share dilution here going forward simply due to the fact CHC still needs to raise a lot of money post-ipo.
Accounts receivables - Nearly 50% of CHC's revenue growth the first nine months of 2009 is sitting in the 'accounts receivables' line. Put another way, 30% of 2009's revenues have yet to be actually collected. Some of this very well may be a timing issue, however something to keep in mind and follow over the next few quarters. Along these lines, CHC GAAP wise shows a nice operating profit through the first nine months of 2009, however actually cash flows are negative.
**CHC ipo looks to be the 'wrong' deal in the 'right' sector. Hydropower in China is a growth business as the PRC looks to expand clean/renewable energy projects. Unfortunately, CHC's balance sheet gives me pause here as I have reservations about their ability to execute their growth plans over the coming years. This is a high risk deal that has a better than average possibility of 'blowing up' sometime in the future. Best case scenario here is ipo investors get massively diluted over the coming years as CHC does multiple equity offerings to fulfill roll-up growth strategy and clean the balance sheet.
2009 - Through the first nine months, full year revenues appeared on track for $42 million. Gross margins should be 63%, operating margins 43%. Plugging in debt servicing and taxes, net margins should be 9%. Earnings per share of $0.07.
Conclusion - The low EPS here does not bother me, the growth plan coupled with the balance sheet and debt servicing costs do. I am interested in this sector, however with this particular deal I am not interested in range
February 17, 2010, 8:18 am
February 17, 2010, 8:16 am
AMCF - Andatee China Marine Fuel Services
AMCF - Andatee China Marine Fuel Services plans on offering 2.5 million shares at a range of $6-$8. With over-allotments the deal size will be 2.875 million shares. Rodman & Renshaw is leading the deal Newbridge co-managing. Rodman & Renshaw recently brought ZSTN public. Post-ipo AMCF will have 8.875 million shares outstanding for a market cap of $62.1 million on a pricing of $7. Ipo proceeds will be used for capital improvement, sales and marketing, research and development, funding possible future acquisitions as well as for general working capital purposes. Chairman, President and CEO An Fengbin will own 60% of AMCF post-ipo.
From the prospectus:
'We are engaged in the production, storage, distribution and wholesale purchases and sales of blended marine fuel oil for cargo and fishing vessels with operations mainly in Liaoning, Shandong and Zhejiang Provinces in the PRC.'
Chinese marine fuel stations. Facilities include storage tanks, vessels berths, marine fuel pumps, blending facilities and tankers. Note that AMCF refines their own fuel blends as well as sells them. AMCF's blend is a close substitute for diesel. Primary raw materials for AMCF's blended fuels are oil refinery by-products.
Marine oil for fishing boats account for 70%-80% of revenues, with marine oil for cargo vessels accounting for the other 20%-30%.
AMCF generally is able to pass-through oil price fluctuations to end customers. Total revenues will be impacted by the fluctuations in the price of oil, however margins should remain relatively consistent assuming AMCF remains successful passing through those fluctuations.
AMCF's primary business lies in the historical fishing towns of northern China, Dandong, Shidao and Shipu. AMCF has a 25% market share in the Bohai Bay.
As is customary in Chinese business, most of AMCF's revenues are derived from distributors who then sell to the end customers. Approximately 15%-30% of AMCF's revenues are derived from direct sales to retail customers, the rest is derived via sales to distributors. AMCF's margins are higher on direct sales, lower on sales to distributors.
Sector - Fragmented market in servicing fuel needs of small and medium size vessels. Characterized by intense price competition and uneven product/service quality. AMCF's own research has concluded that vessel operators are willing to pay a premium to berth with a service provider with consistently high fuel quality. AMCF believes they charge a premium for their consistent services.
Providing fuel has always been a low margin business and fuel to fishing/cargo vessels in China is no different. Gross margins through the first nine months of '09 were 12%.
Seasonality - The Chinese government prohibits fishing vessels from fishing from 6/15-9/15 annually, the breeding season for many fish. AMCF annually sees a 15% or so drop in revenues during this three month period. Due to this, 3rd quarter annually is the the weakest.
Growth - AMCF expects to grow primarily via acquisitions. As this sector is highly fragmented, expect AMCF to acquire a number of smaller competitors over the next few years. AMCF is setting aside 35% of ipo monies for future acquisitions. Notably AMCF plans to explore future growth in Southern China, an area they've just recently entered in 12/08.
AMCF will have approximately $1 per share in net cash on hand post-ipo. This number takes into account the $10 million short term debt AMCF has on the books post-ipo.
VAT - AMCF's fuel sales are subject to a value-added tax(VAT) of 17% across the board. AMCF's reported revenues are net after this VAT.
AMCF has no accounts receivables issues. They generally get paid upon purchase and delivery of fuel.
2010 fuel volumes increased an impressive 64% driven by acquisitions into southern China and expansion in their core market, Bohai Bay. Fuel volume is the metric to keep an eye on here more so than revenues. Revenues for AMCF will fluctuate with the price of oil, however margins on volume should stay rather consistent due to pricing pass throughs. A jump in volumes will lead to more net earnings, more so than a jump in revenues from just a rise in the price of oil.
AMCF is committed to investing in growth via acquisitions. As such, expect much of AMCF's operating cash flows to be used to invest in and expand the business.
2009 - Based on first nine months, revenues should be $118 million. Again the key metric here is that AMCF increased fuel volumes strongly in 2009, 64%. Gross margins 12%. As noted above this is a rather low margin business. With the volume increases, AMCF was able to improve gross margins significantly in 2009. Operating expense ratio of 4%, operating margins 8%. Taxes are in the 25% ballpark. Plugging in taxes, short term debt and non-controlling interests, net margins should be 5 1/2%. Earnings per share of $0.73. On a pricing of $7, AMCF would trade 9 1/2 X's 2009 earnings.
2010 - With the ipo, AMCF has cash on hand to continue growing business via small acquisitions. I would fully expect fuel volumes to increase nicely in 2010, even in a sluggish cargo ship environment. Keep in mind the bulk of revenues here are derived from fueling fishing vessels. As I tend to do, I want to be conservative here when plugging in volume growth. As AMCF's large recent acquisitions occurred in 12'08, I would not expect another 64% fuel volume increase in 2010. However I would expect at least a 25% increase directly due to expansion/acquisitions. The overall revenue number will depend on the price of oil/fuel, but a 25% volume increase along with small margin increases would put 2010 eps in the range of $1 per share.
Conclusion - 2009 was not an ideal year for fueling ships anywhere in the world. The economic slowdown impacted marine vessels worldwide, including the cargo industry in China. AMCF also notes that the fishing industry in China was also negatively impacted by the worldwide economic slowdown, although that sector is less economically sensitive than cargo. Still, AMCF was able to expand their business, open operations in the south of China and impressively grow volumes and expand the bottom line. This is another solid looking China microcap ipo that looks good in range. Coming 7 X's 2010 estimates(on a pricing of $7) with a good balance sheet, this one should work in range.
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